Wikipedia article source editing of sundar pichai

{{short description|Indian-American engineer and business executive}}
{{pp-protected|reason=Long term [[Wikipedia:Disruptive editing|disruptive editing]], has spent most of the past few years protected|small=yes|blp|action=edit}}
{{Use American English|date=August 2014}}
{{Use mdy dates|date=March 2022}}
{{Infobox person
| name               = Sundar Pichai
| image              = Sundar pichai.png
| caption            = Pichai in 2020
| birth_name         = Pichai Sundararajan
| birth_date         = {{birth date and age|1972|06|10}}
| birth_place        = [[Madurai]], [[Tamil Nadu]], [[India]]
| citizenship        = <!-- Please do not add one without a reliable source -->
| death_date         = 
| death_place        = 
| boards             = {{ubl|[[Alphabet Inc.]]<ref>{{Cite web |url= |title=Company Overview of Alphabet Inc |website=[[Bloomberg News]] |access-date=November 26, 2017 |archive-url= |archive-date=December 1, 2017 |url-status=live  }}</ref>|[[Magic Leap]] (2014–2018)<ref>{{Cite web|url=|title=Magic Leap tried to create an alternate reality. Its founder was already in one||access-date=July 13, 2021}}</ref>}}
| spouse             = Anjali Pichai
| children           = 2
| awards             = [[File:Padma Bhushan Ribbon.svg|40px]] [[Padma Bhushan]] (2022)
| education          = [[IIT Kharagpur]] ([[Bachelor of Technology|BTech]])<br />[[Stanford University]] ([[Master of Science|MS]])<br />[[University of Pennsylvania]] ([[Master of Business Administration|MBA]])
| title              = CEO of [[Alphabet Inc.|Alphabet]] and [[Google]]
| signature          = Sundarpichaisignature.svg

'''Pichai Sundararajan''' (born June 10, 1972<ref name="britannica">{{Cite web|title=Happy Birthday Sundar Pichai: Here are 5 videos of Google's CEO that reveal his other side|url=|access-date=April 16, 2021|website=The New Indian Express}}</ref><ref name=":1">{{Cite news|author=Reuters Staff|date=December 4, 2019|title=Factbox: New Alphabet chief started at Google, made name with Android|language=en|work=Reuters|url=|access-date=April 16, 2021}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|title=Sundar Pichai: Latest Sundar Pichai News, Designation, Education, Net worth, Assets|url=|access-date=April 16, 2021|website=The Economic Times|language=en}}</ref>), better known as '''Sundar Pichai''' ({{IPAc-en|ˈ|s|ʊ|n|d|ɑːr|_|p|ɪ|ˈ|tʃ|aɪ}}), is an [[Indian-American]] business executive.<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Sundar Pichai emerges unscathed in test case for foreign-born CEOs|website=[[The Times of India]]|access-date=December 13, 2018|archive-url=|archive-date=December 20, 2018|url-status=live}}</ref> He is the [[chief executive officer]] (CEO) of [[Alphabet Inc.]] and its subsidiary [[Google]].<ref>{{Cite web |title=Sundar Pichai |url= |access-date=2022-05-31 | |language=en-us}}</ref>

Born in [[Madurai]], India,<ref name=":1" /> Pichai earned his degree from [[IIT Kharagpur]] in [[metallurgical engineering]]. Moving to the United States, he attained an [[Master of Science|M.S.]] from [[Stanford University]] in [[materials science]] and [[engineering]] and further attained an [[MBA]] from the [[Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania]], where he was named a [[Siebel Scholars|Siebel Scholar]] and a Palmer Scholar, respectively.<ref>{{Cite web|date=April 17, 2020|title=Sundar Pichai WG02 Wants to Change Your Life|url=|access-date=April 16, 2021|website=Wharton Magazine|language=en-US}}</ref>

Pichai began his career as a [[materials engineer]]. Following a short stint at the management consulting firm [[McKinsey & Co.]], Pichai joined Google in 2004,<ref>{{Cite web|title=Sundar Pichai {{!}} Biography, Google, & Facts|url=|access-date=April 20, 2021|website=Encyclopedia Britannica|language=en}}</ref> where he led the product management and innovation efforts for a suite of Google's client software products, including [[Google Chrome]] and [[ChromeOS]], as well as being largely responsible for [[Google Drive]]. In addition, he went on to oversee the development of other applications such as [[Gmail]] and [[Google Maps]]. In 2010, Pichai also announced the open-sourcing of the new video codec [[VP8]] by Google and introduced the new video format, [[WebM]]. The [[Chromebook]] was released in 2012. In 2013, Pichai added [[Android (operating system)|Android]] to the list of Google products that he oversaw.

Pichai was selected to become the next CEO of [[Google]] on August 10, 2015, after previously being appointed [[Chief Product Officer|Product Chief]] by CEO [[Larry Page]]. On October 24, 2015, he stepped into the new position at the completion of the formation of [[Alphabet Inc]]., the new [[holding company]] for the [[Google]] company family. He was appointed to the Alphabet Board of Directors in 2017.<ref>{{Cite web|last=Helft|first=Miguel|title=Google CEO Sundar Pichai Appointed To Alphabet Board Of Directors|url=|access-date=April 16, 2021|website=Forbes|language=en}}</ref>

Pichai was included in ''[[Time (magazine)|Time]]''{{'}}s [[Time 100|annual list of the 100 most influential people]] in 2016<ref>{{Cite web|last=Nye|first=Bill|title=Sundar Pichai: The World's 100 Most Influential People|url=|access-date=April 16, 2021|}}</ref> and 2020.<ref>{{Cite magazine|title=Sundar Pichai: The 100 Most Influential People of 2020|url=|access-date=September 23, 2020|magazine=Time}}</ref>

== Early life and education ==
Pichai was born in [[Madurai]], [[Tamil Nadu]], [[India]].<ref name="School days">{{Cite web |url= |title=The rapid climb of Sundar Pichai to technology peak: From school days to Silicon Valley |last1=Vaitheesvaran |first1=Bharani |last2=Elizabeth |first2=Shilpa |date=August 12, 2015 |website=[[The Economic Times]] |access-date=January 12, 2016 |archive-url= |archive-date=February 3, 2016 |url-status=live  }}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|title=Sundar Pichai {{!}} Biography, Google, & Facts|url=|access-date=March 14, 2021|website=Encyclopedia Britannica|language=en}}</ref><ref name="Charlie">{{cite news|first=Adith|last=Charlie|title=Google gets new parent Alphabet; Sundar Pichai becomes CEO of Google|url=|date=August 11, 2015|publisher=[[VCCircle]]|access-date=March 6, 2018|archive-url=|archive-date=March 6, 2018|url-status=live}}</ref> His mother, Lakshmi, was a [[stenographer]], and his father, Regunatha Pichai, was an [[electrical engineer]] at [[General Electric Company|GEC]], the British [[Conglomerate (company)|conglomerate]]. His father also had a manufacturing plant that produced electrical components.<ref name=":0">{{cite web|url=|title=A shy, quiet boy who loved science|publisher=Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd.|access-date=August 12, 2015|agency=Mumbai Mirror|archive-url=|archive-date=August 15, 2015|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite news | url= | title=Ten things about Sundar Pichai | | date=August 11, 2015 | access-date=August 11, 2015 | archive-url= | archive-date=August 15, 2015 | url-status=live | df=mdy-all }}</ref>

Pichai completed schooling in Jawahar Vidyalaya Senior Secondary School<ref>{{cite web | title=From Chennai to California: Google CEO Sundar Pichai's back breaking efforts towards success | website=India Today | date=December 20, 2016 | url= | access-date=September 9, 2021}}</ref> in Ashok Nagar, Chennai and completed the Class XII from [[Vanavani Matriculation Higher Secondary School|Vana Vani school]] at [[IIT Madras]].<ref>{{cite news|url=|title=Sundar Pichai, a quiet boy|work=The Hindu}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=|title=School mates talk about Sundar Pichai|work=The Hindu|access-date=August 14, 2015|archive-url=|archive-date=August 14, 2015|url-status=dead}}</ref> He earned his degree from [[IIT Kharagpur]] in [[metallurgical engineering]] and is a distinguished alumnus from that institution.<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Chennai's Sundar Pichai is dark horse||access-date=October 26, 2014|archive-url=|archive-date=March 6, 2015|url-status=live}}</ref> He holds an [[Master of Science|M.S.]] from [[Stanford University]] in materials science and engineering, and an [[MBA]] from the [[Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania]],<ref>{{cite news|url=|title=The rise and rise of Sundar Pichai|newspaper=The Hindu|date=August 11, 2015|access-date=August 11, 2015|archive-url=|archive-date=March 31, 2016|url-status=live|last1=Lakshman|first1=Narayan}}</ref> where he was named a [[Siebel Scholars|Siebel Scholar]] and a Palmer Scholar, respectively.<ref name="britannica" /><ref>[ Siebel Scholars] {{Webarchive|url= |date=March 21, 2013 }}. Siebel Scholars. Retrieved on August 23, 2013.</ref><ref>{{cite news |last=Cooper |first=Charles |title=Sundar Pichai:Seven prominent Indian-origin people in global IT world |url= |access-date=March 14, 2013 |newspaper=CNET |date=March 13, 2013 |archive-url= |archive-date=October 18, 2013 |url-status=live  }}</ref>

== Career ==
[[File:Sundar Pichai - SVP, Android, Chrome and Apps, Google.jpg|thumb|250px|Pichai speaking at the 2015 [[Mobile World Congress]] in [[Barcelona]], Spain]]
Pichai worked in engineering and [[product management]] at [[Applied Materials]] and in [[management consulting]] at [[McKinsey & Company]].<ref>{{cite news |last=Thoppil |first=Dhanya Ann |title=Who Is Google Android's Sundar Pichai? |url= |access-date=April 29, 2014 |newspaper=[[The Wall Street Journal]] |date=March 14, 2013 |archive-url= |archive-date=April 29, 2014 |url-status=live  }}</ref> Pichai joined [[Google]] in 2004, where he led the product management and innovation efforts for a suite of Google's client software products, including [[Google Chrome]]<ref name="BBC">{{cite news |last=Lee |first=Dave |title=Sundar Pichai: Google's new boss from humble roots |url= |access-date=August 11, 2015 |newspaper=[[BBC]] |date=August 11, 2015 |archive-url= |archive-date=August 11, 2015 |url-status=live  }}</ref> and [[ChromeOS]], as well as being largely responsible for [[Google Drive]]. He went on to oversee the development of other applications such as [[Gmail]] and [[Google Maps]].<ref>{{cite news |last=Cooper |first=Charles |title=Meet Google new Android chief Sundar Pichai |url= |access-date=March 14, 2013 |date=March 13, 2013 |archive-url= |archive-date=June 24, 2013 |url-status=dead |newspaper=[[The Times of India]]  }}</ref><ref>{{cite news |last=Cooper |first=Charles |title=Sundar Pichai: The man Google, Twitter fought for |url= |access-date=March 14, 2013 |newspaper=CNET |date=March 13, 2013 |archive-url= |archive-date=November 3, 2013 |url-status=live  }}</ref> On November 19, 2009, Pichai gave a demonstration of ChromeOS; the [[Chromebook]] was released for trial and testing in 2011, and released to the public in 2012.<ref>{{cite web |last=Strohmeyer |first=Robert |date=November 19, 2009 |url= |title=Google Chrome OS Unveiled: Speed, Simplicity, and Security Stressed |publisher=PCWorld |access-date=November 15, 2012 |archive-url= |archive-date=September 24, 2012 |url-status=live  }}</ref> On May 20, 2010, he announced the open-sourcing of the new video codec [[VP8]] by Google and introduced the new video format, [[WebM]].<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Google Open Sourcing VP8 as Part of WebM Project — Online Video News | |date=May 19, 2010 |access-date=November 15, 2012 |archive-url= |archive-date=November 12, 2012 |url-status=live  }}</ref>

On March 13, 2013, Pichai added [[Android (operating system)|Android]] to the list of Google products that he oversaw. Android was formerly managed by [[Andy Rubin]].<ref>{{cite news |last=Olivarez-Giles |first=Nathan |title=Google Replaces Android Boss Andy Rubin With Chrome's Sundar Pichai |url= |access-date=March 13, 2013 |newspaper=Wired |date=March 13, 2013 |archive-url= |archive-date=March 17, 2014 |url-status=live  }}</ref> He was a director of [[Jive Software]] from April 2011 to July 30, 2013.<ref>{{cite web |title= Who is Sundar Pichai? |url= |publisher= |access-date= February 3, 2014 |archive-url= |archive-date= March 10, 2014 |url-status=live |df= mdy-all }}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Jive Elects Informatica Executive Margaret Breya to Board of Directors|url=|publisher=Jive Software|access-date=February 12, 2014|archive-url=|archive-date=October 25, 2014|url-status=dead}}</ref><ref name="auto">{{cite journal |last=Helft |first=Miguel |date=October 27, 2014 |title=The Incredibly Fast Rise of Sundar Pichai |url= |journal=Fortune |access-date=April 5, 2015 |archive-url= |archive-date=April 3, 2015 |url-status=live  }}</ref> Pichai was selected to become the next CEO of Google on August 10, 2015<ref name="auto1">{{cite web|title=G is for Google|url=|url-status=live|archive-url=|archive-date=August 10, 2015|access-date=August 10, 2015|work=Official Google Blog|date=August 10, 2015}}</ref> after previously being appointed Product Chief by CEO, [[Larry Page]]. On October 24, 2015, he stepped into the new position at the completion of the formation of [[Alphabet Inc.]], the new [[holding company]] for the Google company family.<ref name="8-K">{{cite web|date=October 2, 2015|title=SEC Filing (Form 8-K) by Alphabet Inc.|url=|url-status=live|archive-url=|archive-date=July 9, 2017|access-date=September 15, 2017}}</ref><ref name="auto" /><ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Official Google Blog: G is for Google|work=Official Google Blog|date=August 10, 2015|access-date=August 10, 2015|archive-url=|archive-date=August 10, 2015|url-status=live}}</ref>

Pichai had been suggested as a contender for [[Microsoft]]'s CEO in 2014, a position that was eventually given to [[Satya Nadella]].<ref>{{cite news |last=Furrier |first=John |title=Google SVP of Chrome & Apps Sundar Pichai now front runner for Microsoft CEO job |url= |access-date=February 3, 2014 |newspaper=SiliconANGLE |date=January 31, 2014 |archive-url= |archive-date=February 7, 2014 |url-status=live  }}</ref><ref>Samuel Gibbs, [ The most powerful Indian technologists in Silicon Valley] {{Webarchive|url= |date=April 11, 2016 }} April 11, 2014.</ref>

In August 2017, Pichai drew publicity for firing a Google employee who wrote a ten-page [[Google's Ideological Echo Chamber|manifesto]] criticizing the company's diversity policies.<ref>{{Cite news|url=|title=Google's Ideological Echo Chamber|access-date=August 8, 2017|language=en-US|archive-url=|archive-date=August 8, 2017|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=|title=Google Fires Engineer Who Wrote Memo Questioning Women in Tech|last=Wakabayashi|first=Daisuke|date=August 7, 2017|work=The New York Times|access-date=August 8, 2017|language=en-US|issn=0362-4331|archive-url=|archive-date=August 10, 2017|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=|title=Here Are the Citations for the Anti-Diversity Manifesto Circulating at Google|website=Motherboard|language=en-us|access-date=August 8, 2017|archive-url=|archive-date=September 30, 2018|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=|title=Google fires employee who wrote anti-diversity memo|last=Statt|first=Nick|date=August 7, 2017|website=The Verge|access-date=August 8, 2017|archive-url=|archive-date=August 8, 2017|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=|title=Read Google CEO's email to staff about anti-diversity memo|last=Warren|first=Tom|date=August 8, 2017|website=The Verge|access-date=August 8, 2017|archive-url=|archive-date=August 8, 2017|url-status=live}}</ref>

In December 2017, Pichai was a speaker at the [[World Internet Conference]] in China, where he stated that "a lot of work Google does is to help Chinese companies. There are many small and medium-sized businesses in China who take advantage of Google to get their products to many other countries outside of China."<ref>{{Cite web|url=|title=Apple's Tim Cook and Google's Sundar Pichai were surprise guests at China's internet conference|last=Liao|first=Shannon|date=December 4, 2017|website=The Verge|access-date=December 5, 2017|archive-url=|archive-date=December 4, 2017|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=|title=Tim Cook and Sundar Pichai's surprise remarks at China's "open internet" conference|last=Horwitz|first=Josh|date=December 4, 2017|website=QZ|access-date=December 5, 2017|archive-url=|archive-date=December 6, 2017|url-status=live}}</ref>

In December 2019, Pichai became the CEO of [[Alphabet Inc.|Alphabet Inc]].<ref>{{Cite web|date=December 3, 2019|title=A letter from Larry and Sergey|url=|access-date=December 3, 2019|website=Google|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|last=Feiner|first=Lauren|date=December 3, 2019|title=Larry Page steps down as CEO of Alphabet, Sundar Pichai to take over|url=|access-date=December 4, 2019|website=CNBC|language=en}}</ref>

[[File:Sundar Pichai, CEO, Google and Alphabet At Singapore FinTech Festival.png|thumb|260px|Pichai delivers a speech virtually at the [[Singapore FinTech Festival]] 2020.]]

In December 2020, Pichai delivered a speech virtually at the [[Singapore FinTech Festival]] emphasizing inclusive [[digital economy]].<ref name=sundarpichai2>{{Cite web|url=|title=Sundar Pichai's words of wisdom for digital growth and expansion|access-date=December 12, 2020|work=[[The Indian Express]]|date=December 8, 2020}}</ref>

::The coronavirus outbreak has sped up the adoption of digital tools and trends by years........Southeast Asia's Internet economy is currently on the verge of a massive transformation......more than 40 million people in the region connected to the Internet for the first time in 2020 – four times as many as the year before......while Covid has accelerated the use of digital tools, it's also exposed how many people are still left behind......some 1.7 billion people around the world are still unbanked, a huge portion of African households do not have access to broadband and millions of women entrepreneurs lack the same access to opportunity as their male counterparts.<ref name=sundarpichai>{{Cite web|url=|title=Expand Internet connectivity to cover those left behind: Google CEO Sundar Pichai|access-date=December 12, 2020|work=[[The Straits Times]]|date=December 7, 2020}}</ref>

Pichai said at the conclusion of his speech,

::Our goal for the post-Covid world is to ensure the benefits of technology can be shared, as widely and equitably as possible. If we can do that, 2020 will be remembered not as the end of the world, but the beginning of a world that works better for everyone.<ref name=sundarpichai3>{{Cite web|url=|title=Google and Alphabet CEO Sundar Pichai: 'Online has been a lifeline in Southeast Asia'|access-date=December 12, 2020||date=December 7, 2020}}</ref>

== U.S. Congressional testimony ==
On December 11, 2018, Sundar Pichai was questioned by the U.S. [[House Judiciary Committee]] on a range of Google-related issues such as possible political bias on Google's platforms, the company's alleged plans for a "censored search app" in China, and its privacy practices.<ref name=testify>{{cite news |last= D’Onfro|first=Jillian |date=December 11, 2018 |title=Google's Sundar Pichai was grilled on privacy, data collection, and China during congressional hearing |url= |work=[[CNBC]] |access-date=December 3, 2019}}</ref> In response, Pichai informed the committee that Google employees cannot influence search results. He also stated that Google users can opt out of having their data collected and that "there are no current plans for a censored search engine" in China.<ref name=no>{{cite news |last=Abril|first=Danielle |date=December 11, 2018 |title=Lawmakers Grill Google CEO Sundar Pichai. But He Emerges Merely Singed |url=|work=[[Fortune (magazine)|Fortune]] |access-date=December 3, 2019}}</ref>

In October 2020, the [[United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation]] unanimously voted in favor of, and on a bipartisan basis, to [[subpoena]] Pichai, along with the CEOs of [[Facebook]] and [[Twitter]], to testify before the committee in response to lawmakers' concerns over the technology industry's exemption from [[Section 230]] of the Communications Decency Act of 1934.<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Senate Commerce votes to issue subpoenas to CEOs of Facebook, Google and Twitter|access-date=October 1, 2020|website=CNN}}</ref>

== Awards and recognition ==
In 2022, Pichai received the [[Padma Bhushan]] from the [[Government of India]], its third-highest civilian award.<ref>{{Cite web|date=January 26, 2022|title=Padma Awards 2022: Complete list of recipients|url=|access-date=January 26, 2022|website=mint|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web |title=Padma Bhushan: Microsoft's Satya Nadella, and Google's Sundar Pichai get Padma Bhushan, India's third-highest civilian award|url= |date=January 25, 2022 |access-date=January 26, 2022 |website=The Times of India|language=en}}</ref> On 3rd Dec 2022, Taranjit Singh Sandhu (India's Ambassador to the US) handed over the Padma Bhushan Award to Google and Alphabet CEO Sundar Pichai in San Francisco.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Padma Bhushan to Sundar Pichai |first1=ANI |title=India's envoy to US hands over Padma Bhushan to Sundar Pichai - Times of India |url= |website=The Times of India |access-date=5 December 2022 |language=en}}</ref>

== Personal life ==
Pichai is married to Anjali Pichai and has two children.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Barrabi |first1=Thomas |title=Who is Google CEO Sundar Pichai? |url= |website=FOXBusiness |date=December 5, 2018}}</ref> His recreational interests include [[cricket]] and [[association football|football]].<ref>{{cite web|url=|website=F.C Barcelona website|title=Sundar Pichai visits FC Barcelona|access-date=December 4, 2019|date=March 2, 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last=Sharma PunitJ|first=Itika |url=|title=Sundar Pichai just proved that you can take an Indian out of India but not India out of an Indian|website=[[Quartz (publication)|Quartz India]]|access-date=December 4, 2019|date=June 24, 2019}}</ref>

== References ==

== External links ==
{{Commons category}}
* {{Twitter}}
* [ "Sundar Pichai's rise to fame in 90 seconds"], Tech Gurus, ''[[The Daily Telegraph]]''

{{s-bef|before = [[Larry Page]]}}
{{s-ttl|title  = CEO of [[Google]]|years  = 2015–present}}
{{Padma Bhushan Award Recipients 2020–2029}}
{{Alphabet Inc.|state=collapsed}}
{{Google Inc.}}
{{Authority control}}

{{DEFAULTSORT:Pichai, Sundar}}
[[Category:1972 births]]
[[Category:Alphabet Inc. people]]
[[Category:American people of Indian Tamil descent]]
[[Category:American people of Indian descent]]
[[Category:American businesspeople]]
[[Category:Businesspeople from Chennai]]
[[Category:Businesspeople from Madurai]]
[[Category:Google employees]]
[[Category:Indian emigrants to the United States]]
[[Category:IIT Kharagpur alumni]]
[[Category:Living people]]
[[Category:McKinsey & Company people]]
[[Category:People from Los Altos Hills, California]]
[[Category:People from Tamil Nadu]]
[[Category:Stanford University School of Engineering alumni]]
[[Category:Tamil businesspeople]]
[[Category:Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania alumni]]
[[Category:Recipients of the Padma Bhushan in trade and industry]]
[[Category:Asia Game Changer Award winners]]
[[Category:Naturalized citizens of the United States]]